Last Adam

And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.  1 Corinthians 15:45
 
This is the only place in the Bible where Jesus is called by this name.  The apostle Paul in this verse draws a contrast between Jesus as the Last Adam and the Adam of the book of Genesis, who was the first man created.  This contrast appears at several points throughout the fifteenth chapter of 1 Corinthians.
 
After God created Adam and placed him in the Garden of Eden, He told him he could eat the fruit from every tree in the garden except one-“the tree of the knowledge of good and evil” (Genesis 2:17).  But Adam deliberately disobeyed God and ate the forbidden fruit (see Genesis 3:6).  This act of rebellion placed Adam and all his descendants-including everyone born since Adam’s time-under the curse of sin and death.  
 
But according to Paul, God had good news for those who were tainted by Adam’s sin.  He sent another Adam-the Last Adam, Jesus Christ-to undo what the first Adam had caused.  Paul expresses it like this: “As in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive” (1 Corinthians 15:22).  The first Adam’s legacy of death has been nullified by the Last Adam’s perfect obedience to God the Father, and His sacrificial death on our behalf.
 
As Paul continues in this passage from 1 Corinthians, he refers to Jesus as the Second Man.  Adam (the first man) was a created being, formed from the dust of the earth (see Genesis 2:7), and thus, “of the earth, earthy” (1 Corinthians 15:47); but Jesus, as the Second Man, came from heaven.