Good Spirit

Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.  Nehemiah 9:20
This verse describes the provision of God for the Israelites in the wilderness after their release from slavery in Egypt. These words were spoken by Levites in Nehemiah’s time who led the people to renew the covenant with God the Father. They described the Holy Spirit as God’s Good Spirit.
Because the very essence of God is goodness, He showered His people with goodness during the perilous years of their wandering in the wilderness. He led them by His presence in a cloud and fire, encouraged them with His promise of a land of their own, and instructed them in how to live, through the laws that He delivered to Moses. Through His Good Spirit, God provided many good things for His people. 
God is still the God of goodness who provides abundantly for us through His Spirit. He expects us to exemplify this spirit of goodness to others. The apostle Paul told the believers at Rome: “I .. am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another” (Romains 15:14). 

Free Spirit

Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me…Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.  Psalm 51: 10,12
David’s prayer for forgiveness in Psalm 51 is one of the most eloquent prayers in the Bible. He had plotted the murder of Uriah, the husband of Bathsheba, to cover up his sin of adultery, which had resulted in her pregnancy (see 2 Samuel 11:1-17). David’s great sin had separated him from God. He prayed for the restoration of this relationship (“a right spirit”) through a movement of God’s Spirit, which he described as God’s Free Spirit. 
The Holy Spirit of God might be described as “free” in two distinct senses. 
He is free because His presence is offered freely by God the Father to those who accept His Son Jesus as Savior and Lord. We can’t buy God’s grace and forgiveness (see Acts 8:18-20; Ephesians 2:8). But He offers it willingly to those who repent of their sins and commit themselves to His lordship over their lives.
The Holy Spirit is also free in the sense that He is not bound by our expectations. God is sovereign; He does not have to wait for our permission before He acts in His world. Sometimes, His actions take us by surprise. For example, it took a while for the early church to realize that the gospel was meant for all people, not just the Jews. The famous vision of the apostle Peter on the roof of Simon the tanner convinced him that he “should not call any man common or unclean” (Acts 10:28).
This insight came to Peter from the Holy Spirit, who brought many Gentiles to saving faith in Jesus Christ. The work of God’s Free Spirit is evident throughout the book of Acts. So powerful is the Spirit’s work in this New Testament book that it is often called “The Acts of the Holy Spirit” rather than “The Acts of the Apostles.”
We should be grateful that God’s Free Spirit is not limited by time or circumstances. He kept on working until He convicted us of our sin, drove us to our knees in repentance, and brought us into God’s kingdom. 

Eternal Spirit

How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?  Hebrews 9:14
The Gospels make it clear that the Holy Spirit guided and empowered Jesus throughout His public ministry. For example, Jesus was led by the Spirit into the region of Galilee, where He began to teach and heal. He cast demons out of people “by the spirit of God.” And this verse from the book of Hebrews shows that the Holy Spirit-described here as the Eternal Spirit-gave Jesus the determination and strength to offer His life as a sacrifice to atone for our sins.
This is the only place in the Bible where the phrase “Eternal Spirit” appears. It clearly identifies the Holy Spirit as a divine being. Only the three persons of the Trinity-Father, Son, and Holy Spirit-are eternal. Everything else is created matter. 
The eternality of the Holy Spirit is evident in the very first book of the Bible. As God began to mold and shape the universe, “the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters”. Thus, the Spirit of God existed with God before time began and participated with Him in the creation of the world. The Bible makes it clear that Jesus was also involved with His Father in the Creation. So Creation was an activity in which all three Persons of the Godhead played an active role.


And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever.  John 14:16
Jesus spoke these words to His disciples after He told them that his death was drawing near (see John 13:33). He would no longer be with them in a physical sense, but He was not leaving them alone. He would send a Comforter, the Holy Spirit, to fill the void caused by His own return to the Father in heaven after His resurrection.
Notice that Jesus referred to the Holy Spirit as “another” Comforter. The Greek word He used means “another of the same kind.” This implies that Jesus Himself was the other or first Comforter of His disciples and He was sending another like Himself to serve as His stand-in. So close and personal would be the presence of the Holy Spirit that it would seem as if Jesus had never left. 
The Greek word behind Comforter is parakletos, meaning “one called alongside.” This is the same word translated as “Advocate,” one of the names of God the Son. In addition to “Comforter” and “Advocate” as rendered by the King James Version, this word is translated as “Counselor,” “Companion, ” “Guide,” “Helper,” “Instructor,” or “Teacher” by other English versions of the Bible.
When Jesus promised that the Comforter will come “alongside” us, He meant that the Holy Spirit would help us in our times of need. If we are lost and stumbling, He will serve as our Guide. If we are discouraged, He will lift us up. If we are confused, He will bring wisdom and understanding. If we are mired in grief, He will sustain us with His presence. The Comforter will be there for us when we need Him most. 

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