Son Of David

The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.   Matthew 1:1
 
Perhaps it is not accidental that the very first verse of the New Testament refers to Jesus by this name. As the Son of David, He ties together the Old and New Testaments. The genealogies of Jesus in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke make the point that Jesus, in His human lineage, was descended from David. Thus, Jesus fulfilled God’s promise to David that one of David’s descendants would always reign over His people.
 
During Jesus’ earthly ministry, the crowds and individuals whom He healed often called Him the “son of David.” But Jesus never used this name of Himself. He may have avoided it because it tended to feed the expectation of the Jewish people that the Messiah would come as a political conqueror, not a spiritual Savior.
 
Another name of God the Son similar in meaning to Son of David is See (or Offspring) of David.


Son Of Abraham

The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.   Matthew 1:1
 
This is one of two names of God the Son cited in the very first verse of the New Testament. Abraham was the father of the Jewish people. Many centuries before Jesus’ time, God the Father called Abraham to leave his home and family in Mesopotamia and move to the land of Canaan. Here, God would begin to build a nation that would be His exclusive possession. He promised Abraham, “I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed” (Genesis 12:3).
 
As the Son of Abraham, Jesus is the fulfillment of this promise, or covenant, that God made with Abraham. In His human lineage and by His nationality, Jesus was a Jew-the people whom God promised to bless above all the nations of the earth.
 
But God never intended for His promise of blessing to apply only to the Jewish people. He wanted “all families of the earth” to be brought to Him through the influence of Abraham’s offspring. When the Jews forgot this part of the covenant, God sent His son, Jesus, to remind them that He had placed no limits on His love and grace. Jesus as the Son of Abraham fulfilled God’s redemptive plan by coming as a Savior for the entire world. 


Shiloh

The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. Genesis 49:10
 
Genesis 49 contains the aging Jacob’s blessings on his twelve sons, whose descendants would become the twelve tribes of Israel. This verse is part of his blessing of Judah, the tribe destined to produce the rulers of Israel.
 
Shiloh is a Hebrew word meaning “the one to whom it belongs.” Thus, Jacob was saying that Judah would wield the royal scepter of leadership in Israel until the one to whom the scepter belonged arrived on the scene. This is a veiled reference to the coming Messiah.
 
Jesus is the One to whom all authority and power belong, because God has delegated jurisdiction over His people to His Son. Jesus is also deserving of all power, because He rules in justice and righteousness. Just a little power can go to an earthly ruler’s head, but Jesus will never use His power for anything but the good of His church-those who devote their lives to Him and His service. 
 
No matter what happens to us in this life, we can rest safe and secure in the arms of Shiloh-the One who holds the whole world in His hands. 


Seed Of The Woman

And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shall bruise his heel.  Genesis 3:15
 
God the Father spoke these words to the serpent, Satan, in the garden of Eden. This conversation occurred after Satan had persuaded Adam and Eve to eat the forbidden fruit in direct disobedience of God’s command. This verse is known as the protoevangelium, a Latin word meaning “the first gospel.” It is called the first gospel because it contains the first prediction in the Bible of the coming of Christ into the world. Jesus is depicted as the Seed of the Woman, Eve. He will wage war against Satan’s forces. Satan will manage to bruise His heel-a reference to the forces that executed Jesus on the cross-but Jesus will rise triumphantly from the dead and deal a crushing blow to Satan’s head. In the end time, Jesus will win the final and ultimate victory over Satan and cast him into the lake of fire (see Revelation 20:10).
 
The name Seed of the Woman may be a subtle reference to the virgin birth of Jesus. He was conceived in Mary’s womb by the Holy Spirit, not by a human father. She was told by the angel Gabriel, “The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God” (Luke 1:35).


Sceptre Out Of Israel

There shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth. Numbers 24:17
 
These words were spoken by Balaam, a pagan magician, who was hired by the king of Moab to pronounce a curse against the Israelites. But Balaam was led by the Lord to bless the Israelites instead. In this verse, Balaam even prophesied that a Sceptre out of Israel, or a strong leader, would rise up to crush the Moabites.
 
This verse is also considered a prophecy with a long-range fulfillment, referring Messiah, whom God would send to deliver His people. 
 
A scepter is a short staff, similar to a walking stick, that symbolizes the power and authority of a king. In the book of Ester, King Ahasuerus of Persia extends his royal scepter for Queen Esther to touch. This gives her permission to come into his presence and present her request to the king.
 
The imagery of a royal scepter, as applied to Jesus, symbolizes His power, authority, and universal dominion. In the book of Hebrews, God the Father declares to Jesus the Son, “Thy throne…is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.”


Saviour Of The Body

For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: and he is the saviour of the body. Ephesians 5:23
 
The context of this verse from the apostle Paul makes it clear that he is not referring to a human body, but to the church as the body of Christ. Paul goes on to say, in verse 25, “Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it.”
 
Christ is the head of the church, and the church that He founded is so closely related to Him that it is referred to as His body several times in the New Testament (see 1 Corinthians 12:27; Ephesians 1:22-23; Colossians 1:18). Thus, the church is not a building or a lifeless institution but a living organism, dedicated to advancing the cause of the kingdom of God in the world.
 
Christ not only died for us as individuals, but He also sacrificed Himself for His church. We bring honor and glory to Him when we work through His church to serve as witnesses to others of His love and grace. 


Saviour

I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.  Luke 2: 10-11
 
An angel spoke these words to shepherds in the fields outside Bethlehem on the day Jesus was born. The shepherds were awestruck and excited by the news that this newborn baby was to be a Saviour for God’s people.
 
In Bible times, any person who rescued others from danger was called a savior or deliverer. For example, the judges of Israel whom God raised up to deliver His people from oppression by their enemies were called “saviours”. But the only true Saviors in a spiritual sense are God the Father and God the Son, both of whom are called by this name many times throughout the Bible.
 
The name that Mary and Joseph gave their firstborn Son expresses His work as Savior. Jesus means “God Is Salvation.” From the very beginning it was clear that His purpose was to do for us what we could not do for ourselves-deliver us from the bondage to sin and death. 
 
The phrase “all people,” in the message of the angels to the shepherds, shows that Jesus was God’s gift to the entire world. The universal nature of Christ’s redemptive work is expressed by two other “Savior” titles in the New Testament-Saviour of All Men (1 Timothy 4:10) and Saviour of the World (1 John 4:14). 


Root And Offspring Of David

I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star. Revelation 22:16 
 
Jesus used this name for Himself in the closing verses of the final chapter of the last book of the Bible. It’s as if He used His last opportunity to tell the world who He is and what His life and ministry are all about.
 
Notice the dual focus of this name-the Root of David and the Offspring of David. It summarizes His existence as the God-man, the One who is both fully human and fully divine.
 
Because Jesus is the divine Son, who served as the agent of creation, He is David’s creator, or Root. But because he came to earth in human form, He is also David’s descendant, or Offspring-the Messiah from the line of David, who reigns over the spiritual kingdom that He came to establish. Thus, Jesus is both superior to David and the rightful heir to his throne. 


Rod Out Of The Stem Of Jesse

And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots.   Isaiah 11:1
 
This verse from the prophet Isaiah is a reference to the coming Messiah. We are accustomed to associations of the Messiah with King David, but Isaiah in this passage traces the Messiah back one more generation-to David’s father, Jesse.
 
Two passages in the Bible tell us all we know about Jesse. His father was Obed, the son of Boaz and Ruth. Thus, Jesse was of mixed blood, because Ruth was a Moabite and Boaz was a Jew. Jesse had eight sons, including David. One of the more beautiful stories in the Bible is how God, through the prophet Samuel, turned down all of Jesse’s older sons for the kingship of Israel in favor of David, Jesse’s youngest son. David had to be summoned from the fields, where he was watching his father’s sheep, to be presented for Samuel’s review. 
 
Why did Isaiah compare the coming Messiah to a Rod, or shoot, from the Stem, or stump, of Jesse? Perhaps to remind us that the Messiah sprang from a family of mixed Jewish and Gentile blood, signifying that He would be a deliverer for all people, not just the Jews. Isaiah also predicted that the nation of Judah would fall to a foreign power, thus bringing to an end the dynasty of David. But from the stump of this fallen tree, God would bring new life-the Messiah, who would reign in a spiritual sense over God’s people. 
 
Isaiah also spoke of the coming Messiah as a Root of Jesse. This name expresses the same idea as Rod out of the Stem of Jesse. 


Righteous Servant

He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. Isaiah 53:11
 
The theme of service and servanthood runs throughout the scriptures. For example, several people in the Bible are referred to as “servant of God” or “God’s servant” because of the loyal service they rendered for the Lord. But Jesus is the only person who deserves to be called God’s Righteous Servant. He was the Holy and Righteous One whom the Father sent on a mission of redemption for the entire world. 
 
This name of Jesus appears in one of the famous servant songs of the prophet Isaiah. This Servant, the Messiah, would undergo great suffering while carrying out His mission. But it would be for a divine purpose. His suffering and death would provide a means of deliverance for a human race trapped in sin.
 
Jesus identified Himself specifically as the Suffering Servant from God the Father, whom Isaiah had predicted. At the beginning of His public ministry, Jesus quoted Isaiah’s first servant song. The implication of His words was that the mission of God’s Suffering Servant was being fulfilled through His teaching and healing ministry. 
 
Jesus saw His work as that of a humble servant. On one occasion, His disciples began to argue over who would occupy the places of honor at His side in His future glory. He gently reminded them: “Whoever wants to be first must be slave of all. For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many”.
 
Today, the servant work of Jesus continues through His church. We who belong to Him are automatically in the serving business. The apostle Paul declares that we as Christians should think of ourselves as “a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service”. 



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