And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the Lord. Isaiah 59:20
This verse from the prophet Isaiah refers to the coming Messiah, who will serve as a Redeemer for God’s people.
In the Old Testament, God is often referred to by this name. A kinsman redeemer in ancient Israel was a blood relative who assumed responsibility for members of his clan who were in trouble. For example, the redeemer would buy back the property of a family member who had lost it through indebtedness. Or he would purchase the freedom of an impoverished relative who had been forced to sell himself into slavery.
But Isaiah’s prophecy looked toward the coming of a Redeemer of a different type. Jesus Christ the Redeemer would free God’s people from their bondage to sin and death. He would do so by dying on the cross for our benefit. The purchase price that He would pay for our salvation was none other than His own precious blood.
The patriarch Job, like Isaiah, also received a glimpse of this Redeemer of the future. Out of his suffering and despair he declared, “I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth” (Job 19:25).
What Isaiah and Job only hoped for has now come to pass. We can rejoice with the apostle John because “the blood of Jesus Christ [God’s] Son cleanseth us from all sin” (1 John 1:7).


The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him. John 3:2
Jesus said unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master. John 20:16
In modern society, rabbi is the official title of the leader of a Jewish congregation. It is similar to the title of reverend for a Protestant minister or father for a Catholic priest.
But in Jesus’ time, rabbi was a term of respect meaning “teacher” or “master”. In John 3:2, Nicodemus’s reference to Jesus as “rabbi” probably means “teacher”. Nicodemus wanted to learn more about this Jewish teacher and miracle worker who was impressing the crowds in the region of Galilee.
In John 20:16, Mary Magdalene’s recognition of Jesus as “Rabboini” pays homage to Him as her Master. After His resurrection, she recognized Him as such when He called her by name. Rabboni is the Aramaic form of Rabbi. Aramaic was the common language spoken in Israel during New Testament times.
Whether we call Jesus Rabbi or Rabboni, the meaning is the same: He is our Master Teacher and Guide, who deserves our utmost respect and loyalty. 

Quickening Spirit

And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. 1 Corinthians 15:45
This name of God the Son appears in connection with His name as the Last Adam, Adam’s act of disobedience of God brought sin and death into the world. But Jesus’ perfect obedience nullified the divine curse against Adam and brought the possibility of eternal life to humankind.
As the Quickening Spirit, Jesus offers eternal life to all who accept Him as Savior and Lord. 

Propitiation For Our Sins

Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. 1 John 4:10
The word propitiation comes from an old English word, propitiate, meaning “to appease” or “to satisfy.” Thus, the apostle John declares in this verse that God the Father sent His Son Jesus to serve as the satisfaction for our sins. This word is the key to one of the classical theories of the Atonement, or the sacrificial death of Jesus.
According to this view, God is a holy God who cannot tolerate sin. This puts us as humans in a dilemma, because we are not capable of living sinless lives, no matter how hard we try. To make matters worse, God is also a just God, who-in order to be true to His nature-must punish sin wherever He finds it. So our sin separates us from God and makes us liable to His punishment. Hopeless is the only word that adequately describes this situation.
But, according to John, God loved us too much to allow us to continue in this dilemma. He sent His Son, Jesus, to die to pay the penalty that He demanded from us because of our sin. Jesus was the sacrifice that covered over, or atoned, for our sin and restored the broken relationship between a holy God and sinful humanity.
Propitiation is not a word that most of us drop into casual conversation. Most people would not understand it. But aren’t you glad that God knows the term and that Jesus lived out its meaning through His life and death? We as Christians can celebrate because Jesus came into the world to propitiate. 

Prince Of The Kings Of The Earth

Grace be unto you, and peace…from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth.  Revelation 1:4-5
The apostle John addresses the book of Revelation to seven churches of Asia Minor, whose members were undergoing persecution by the Roman authorities. John wanted these believers to understand that he was not writing under his own authority but under the command and direction of Jesus Christ, the Prince of the Kings of the Earth.
Earthly rulers, such as the emperors of the Roman Empire, come and go. But Jesus is an eternal King, not a temporary monarch who rules for a few years and then is replaced by another. Jesus stands above and beyond all the kings of the earth. 
Other titles of Jesus that are similar in meaning to this title are King of Kings (Revelation 19:16) and King over All the Earth (Zechariah 14:9). If Jesus is the world’s supreme King, there is no doubt that He has the right to reign over His church and in the lives of those who claim Him as their Savior and Lord.

Prince Of Princes

And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand. Daniel 8:25
This verse from the book of Daniel was fulfilled in Jewish history, but it also awaits its ultimate fulfillment in the end time. It refers to Antiochus IV, Epiphanes, an evil Greek ruler who persecuted the Jews, as well as the Antichrist of the last days, who is described in the book of Revelation.
Antiochus tried to force the Jewish people to adopt Greek culture, even going so far as to erect an altar to the pagan Greek god Zeus in the temple. His atrocities led to rebellion by the Jews under the leadership of the Maccabees during the period between the Old and New Testament. Antiochus died in disgrace following his defeat by these Jewish zealots.
The ultimate earthly evil focus will be the Antichrist, who stands against Christ, His church, and their influence for good in the world. But this evil person will be overcome by Christ (see Revelation 14:9-11; 19:20), just as Antiochus met defeat in his time. No earthly power is able to stand against the Prince of Princes. 


The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. Acts 5:30-31
The apostle Peter used this title for Jesus in his sermon before the Jewish Sanhedrin. He and the other apostles had just been released miraculously from prison by an angel after they were arrested for preaching about Jesus. Peter declared in his sermon that the Jewish religious leaders were guilty of crucifying Jesus, the Prince whom God the Father had sent into the world. 
Prince is a title with at least three different meanings in the Bible. Peter could have had any one or all of these in mind when he referred to Jesus as a Prince.
1. A prince was the son of a king. If a king had several sons, his oldest was generally the one who succeeded his father on the throne. Perhaps Peter had Jesus as God’s Son in mind when he called him a Prince.
2. Prince is a generic term often used in the Bible for a leader or ruler. For example, when Moses tried to stop a fight between two Israelites, one of them asked him, “Who made thee a prince and a judge over us?” (Exodus 2:14). When Peter called Jesus a Prince, he may have been saying that Jesus had been exalted by God to serve as a ruler over His people. 
3. Sometimes the word prince is used as a synonym for king (see 1 Kings 11:34). By saying that Jesus was a Prince, Peter could have implied that He was the one and only sovereign ruler over God’s people.
What Peter said about Jesus as a Prince boils down to this: He is the one and only Son of God appointed by the Father to rule over HIs people like a good king, administering justice and righteousness in His name. 

Power Of God

We preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness; but unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God. 1 Corinthians 1:23-24
In this verse, the apostle Paul admits that many people were skeptical of a crucified Savior. If Jesus was such a great person, they reasoned, why did He wind up being executed on a Roman cross like a common criminal? To them His crucifixion was a sign of weakness, not a demonstration of strength.
On the contrary, Paul points out, Christ showed great power in His crucifixion. He was the very Power of God whom the Father sent to atone for the sins of the world through His death. The death of One on behalf of the many showed the extent of this divine power.
Jesus’ power was demonstrated many times during His earthly ministry. He stilled a storm and calmed the waters on the Sea of Galilee (see Mark 4:37-39). He cast demons out of a demented man (see Luke 4:31-35). He raised His friend Lazarus from the dead (see John 11:43-44). But He refused to come down from the cross and save Himself, although the crowd taunted Him to do so (see Matthew 27:39-43).
This is a good example of power under control. Jesus could have called legions of angels to come to His rescue (see Matthew 26:53). But this would have nullified the purpose for which God the Father had sent Him into the world. His divine power was never greater than when He refused to use it. 

Plant Of Renown

And I will raise up for them a plant of renown, and they shall be no more consumed with hunger in the land, neither bear the shame of the heathen any more.   Ezekiel 34:29
Is this verse from the prophet Ezekiel a description of the coming Messiah or a reference to the fertility of the renewed land of Israel? The KJV and NRSV translations treat the verse messianically, while the NASB and NIV render it as a reference to Israel.
The context of this verse provides support for the messianic interpretation. The entire thirty-fourth chapter of Ezekiel describes how God the Father will send a shepherd, His servant David, to feed His flock (see Ezekiel 34:23). As the Plant of Renown, this servant from David’s line will provide God’s people with all the food they need so “they shall be no more consumed with hunger.”
This name of God the Son is similar in meaning to His description of Himself as Bread. Jesus is the spiritual sustenance that Christians need to keep their faith healthy and in tune with His will for their lives.  


But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans ad sinners? And Jesus answering said unto them, They that are whole need not a physician; but they that are sick. Luke 5:30-31
These verses are part of the account of Jesus’ calling of the tax collector, Matthew (also known as Levi), as His disciple. To celebrate the occasion, Matthew invited his tax collector associates and other friends to a “great feast” for Jesus and His disciples.
The scribes and Pharisees were horrified that Jesus and His disciples would associate with such sinful people. But Jesus made it clear that He had been sent to people such as these. They needed a Savior and Deliverer. He was the Physician who could heal them of their desperate sickness known as sin. 
Jesus’ role as Physician is one of the more prominent in the Gospels. Most of His miracles were performed for people who were suffering from various physical problems-blindness, deafness, leprosy, and possession by evil spirits. But in many of these miracles, He went beyond healing the body to healing the soul and the spirit through forgiveness of sin. For example, after healing a paralyzed man, He told him, “Be of good cheer; they sins be forgiven thee” (Matthew 9:2).
Jesus the Physician is still in the healing business. He offers hope to the discouraged, His abiding presence to the lonely, comfort to the grieving, and peace to the conflicted. But most of all, He brings deliverance from the most serious problems of the human race-sin and death. The apostle Paul expresses it like this: “The wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord” (Romans 6:23).

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