Holy One

But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things.  1 John 2:20
 
The name Holy One is applied to God the Father and Jesus the Son. In this verse, the apostle John also refers to the Holy Spirit by this name. 
 
John makes it clear in this verse that the specific role of the Holy Spirit as the Holy One is to safeguard Christians from erroneous thinking about the nature of Jesus. Some false teachers in John’s time were attesting that Jesus was the divine Son of God, but denying that He had come to earth in human form. To them, He only seemed to be human. In his second epistle, the apostle John also declares that Jesus was both fully human and fully divine. 
 
The word unction in this verse from 1 John means “anointing.” Thus, John declares that the Holy One anoints or fills believers with the truth about Jesus. We know “all things”-or the only thing we really need to know-about Jesus and His nature as the God-man who came into the world as the Mediator between God and man. 


Holy Ghost

Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.  Acts 20:28
 
This farewell speech of the apostle Paul to the elders of the church at Ephesus is one of many places in the King James Version of the Bible where the Holy Spirit is referred to as the Holy Ghost. 
 
When the KJV was first published in England in 1611, ghost was a word that meant the spirit, or immaterial part of a person, in contrast to the physical or visible body. In modern times, the word ghost refers to the shadowy, supernatural appearance of a dead person. All modern translations render the KJV’s “Holy Ghost” as “Holy Spirit.” 


Good Spirit

Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.  Nehemiah 9:20
 
This verse describes the provision of God for the Israelites in the wilderness after their release from slavery in Egypt. These words were spoken by Levites in Nehemiah’s time who led the people to renew the covenant with God the Father. They described the Holy Spirit as God’s Good Spirit.
 
Because the very essence of God is goodness, He showered His people with goodness during the perilous years of their wandering in the wilderness. He led them by His presence in a cloud and fire, encouraged them with His promise of a land of their own, and instructed them in how to live, through the laws that He delivered to Moses. Through His Good Spirit, God provided many good things for His people. 
 
God is still the God of goodness who provides abundantly for us through His Spirit. He expects us to exemplify this spirit of goodness to others. The apostle Paul told the believers at Rome: “I .. am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another” (Romains 15:14). 


Free Spirit

Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me…Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with thy free spirit.  Psalm 51: 10,12
 
David’s prayer for forgiveness in Psalm 51 is one of the most eloquent prayers in the Bible. He had plotted the murder of Uriah, the husband of Bathsheba, to cover up his sin of adultery, which had resulted in her pregnancy (see 2 Samuel 11:1-17). David’s great sin had separated him from God. He prayed for the restoration of this relationship (“a right spirit”) through a movement of God’s Spirit, which he described as God’s Free Spirit. 
 
The Holy Spirit of God might be described as “free” in two distinct senses. 
 
He is free because His presence is offered freely by God the Father to those who accept His Son Jesus as Savior and Lord. We can’t buy God’s grace and forgiveness (see Acts 8:18-20; Ephesians 2:8). But He offers it willingly to those who repent of their sins and commit themselves to His lordship over their lives.
 
The Holy Spirit is also free in the sense that He is not bound by our expectations. God is sovereign; He does not have to wait for our permission before He acts in His world. Sometimes, His actions take us by surprise. For example, it took a while for the early church to realize that the gospel was meant for all people, not just the Jews. The famous vision of the apostle Peter on the roof of Simon the tanner convinced him that he “should not call any man common or unclean” (Acts 10:28).
 
This insight came to Peter from the Holy Spirit, who brought many Gentiles to saving faith in Jesus Christ. The work of God’s Free Spirit is evident throughout the book of Acts. So powerful is the Spirit’s work in this New Testament book that it is often called “The Acts of the Holy Spirit” rather than “The Acts of the Apostles.”
 
We should be grateful that God’s Free Spirit is not limited by time or circumstances. He kept on working until He convicted us of our sin, drove us to our knees in repentance, and brought us into God’s kingdom. 


Eternal Spirit

How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?  Hebrews 9:14
 
The Gospels make it clear that the Holy Spirit guided and empowered Jesus throughout His public ministry. For example, Jesus was led by the Spirit into the region of Galilee, where He began to teach and heal. He cast demons out of people “by the spirit of God.” And this verse from the book of Hebrews shows that the Holy Spirit-described here as the Eternal Spirit-gave Jesus the determination and strength to offer His life as a sacrifice to atone for our sins.
 
This is the only place in the Bible where the phrase “Eternal Spirit” appears. It clearly identifies the Holy Spirit as a divine being. Only the three persons of the Trinity-Father, Son, and Holy Spirit-are eternal. Everything else is created matter. 
 
The eternality of the Holy Spirit is evident in the very first book of the Bible. As God began to mold and shape the universe, “the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters”. Thus, the Spirit of God existed with God before time began and participated with Him in the creation of the world. The Bible makes it clear that Jesus was also involved with His Father in the Creation. So Creation was an activity in which all three Persons of the Godhead played an active role.


Comforter

And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever.  John 14:16
 
Jesus spoke these words to His disciples after He told them that his death was drawing near (see John 13:33). He would no longer be with them in a physical sense, but He was not leaving them alone. He would send a Comforter, the Holy Spirit, to fill the void caused by His own return to the Father in heaven after His resurrection.
 
Notice that Jesus referred to the Holy Spirit as “another” Comforter. The Greek word He used means “another of the same kind.” This implies that Jesus Himself was the other or first Comforter of His disciples and He was sending another like Himself to serve as His stand-in. So close and personal would be the presence of the Holy Spirit that it would seem as if Jesus had never left. 
 
The Greek word behind Comforter is parakletos, meaning “one called alongside.” This is the same word translated as “Advocate,” one of the names of God the Son. In addition to “Comforter” and “Advocate” as rendered by the King James Version, this word is translated as “Counselor,” “Companion, ” “Guide,” “Helper,” “Instructor,” or “Teacher” by other English versions of the Bible.
 
When Jesus promised that the Comforter will come “alongside” us, He meant that the Holy Spirit would help us in our times of need. If we are lost and stumbling, He will serve as our Guide. If we are discouraged, He will lift us up. If we are confused, He will bring wisdom and understanding. If we are mired in grief, He will sustain us with His presence. The Comforter will be there for us when we need Him most. 


Breath Of The Almighty

The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.  Job 33:4
 
This name of the Holy Spirit comes from the long speech that the young man Elihu addressed to Job. He spoke after Job’s three friends-Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar-had ended their speeches.
 
Elihu stated that he owed his life to the Breath of God. This is a reference to God’s creation of the first man in the Garden of Eden. The Lord “breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.” It was God’s own breath that brought Adam to life. Even today, our ability to breathe life-giving oxygen into the lungs is evidence of God’s care of the physical world through the agency of His Spirit. 
 
The Holy Spirit, or the Breath of God, also energizes Christians in a spiritual sense. Just before His ascension to His Father, Jesus empowered His followers for the task of carrying on His work by breathing on them and charging them to “receive the Holy Spirit.”  This is the same life-giving Spirit that enables Christians in our time to witness to others about God’s transforming power. 


Word

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.  John 1:1
 
The prologue of John’s Gospel (John 1:1-18), of which this verse is a part, focuses on Jesus as the eternal Son, who existed with God the Father before the creation of the world.
 
This verse is an obvious reference to the first three words of the book of Genesis. Just as God was “in the beginning” (Genesis 1:1), so Jesus existed “in the beginning” (John 1:1) as the eternal Word. This Word, who assumed human form to make His dwelling among human beings on earth (see John 1:14), is comparable to the words that God used to speak the universe into being (see Genesis 1:3).
 
Words are the primary units of language that enable humans to communicate with one another. In the same way, Jesus reveals the will and mind of God the Father to earthbound mortals. 
 
The description of Jesus as the Word is unique to the apostle John’s writings. In his first epistle, John declares, “There are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one” (1 John 5:7). This leaves little doubt that John thought of Jesus as the Word who was the second person of the Trinity.
 
John continues this imagery in the book of Revelation. He describes Jesus as victorious over all His enemies in the end time: “He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God” (Revelation 19:13 NIV).


Way

Thomas saith unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest; and how can we know the way? Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.  John 14:5-6
 
This is one of only three places in the Gospels where Thomas is mentioned apart from a mere listing of the twelve disciples (see John 11:16; 20:24-29). The context of these two verses shows that Thomas was puzzled by Jesus’ statement that He would leave His disciples soon after his death, resurrection, and ascension (see John 14:1-4).
 
Thomas wanted to know how he and the other disciples could find their way to Jesus after He left. Jesus replied in spiritual terms, assuring him that He was the only Way to their eternal reward, and that Thomas didn’t need to know all the details about this destination or how to get there.
 
This conversation between Jesus and Thomas provides a valuable lesson for modern Christians. Sometimes our curiosity about heaven takes our eyes off the One who has promised to take us there. We wonder where heaven will be. What will our resurrected bodies look like? Will we know our family members and friends? Will heaven’s streets be paved with literal gold?
 
The truth is that we don’t know the answers to any of these questions. But we do have a grasp of the most important thing: Jesus is the only Way to that wonderful place. He knows the way there, and we know Him as the Way. So we can relax, put away our road maps, and leave the driving to Him. 


Vine

I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit; for without me ye can do nothing.  John 15:5
 
Jesus spoke these words to His disciples during the Last Supper, which He ate with them on the night of His arrest. He knew they would need to be firmly attached to Him as the Vine in order to weather the crisis of His forthcoming execution and death. 
 
The imagery that Jesus used was that of a grapevine. This domestic vine has one main stem with several smaller shoots or runners branching off in all directions. These smaller branches owe their lives to the main stem. They could not live apart from the big vine that is rooted in the ground. In the same way, Jesus’ disciples were to stay attached to Him as their Lord and Savior. He as the Vine would sustain and nourish them so they would bear “much fruit” in the days ahead. 
 
The fruit that Jesus mentions probably refers to the witness that they would bear for Him after His resurrection and ascension to God the Father. Most of these disciples, His “branches,” abandoned Jesus when He was arrested and executed on the cross (see Matthew 26:56). But after His resurrection, they regained their courage and continued the work that Jesus had trained them to do.
 
In the Old Testament, the nation of Israel was often referred to as a vine (see Psalm 80:8; Isaiah 5:2). But the people fell into sin and idolatry, becoming an empty vine that bore no fruit for the Lord (see Hosea 10:1). Jesus, therefore, has become the True Vine (see John 15:1) whom God has sent to bring salvation to His people. 



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