Lord Of Lords

And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, King Of Kings, And Lord Of Lords. Revelations 19:16
 
This name emphasizes Jesus’ supreme authority in the end time, when He returns to earth in victory over all His enemies. He is also called Lord of Lords in two other places in the New Testament (see 1 Timothy 6:15; Revelation 17:14).
 
As Lord of Lords, Jesus is superior in power and authority to all the rulers of the earth. Some monarchs of the ancient world were worshiped as divine by their subjects. But only Jesus, as Lord of Lords, is worthy of our worship and total commitment. 
 
Here is how the apostle Paul expresses the meaning of this name in his letter to the believers at Philippi: “God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father” (Philippians 2:9-11).


Lord From Heaven

The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven. 1 Corinthians 15:47
 
This verse appears in the apostle Paul’s famous passage about Jesus’ sinlessness in contacts to Adam’s sin as the first man. Here, Adam origin as a being created from the dust of the earth (see Genesis 3:19) is contrasted with Jesus’ divine origin as the Lord from heaven.
 
When Jesus completed His mission on earth as our Redeemer, He returned to His Father in heaven (see Acts 1:9-11). He is now seated in heaven at God’s right hand (see Colossians 3:1), where He intercedes on our behalf with God the Father (see Romans 8:34).
 
Just as Jesus came into the world from heaven when the time was right (see Galatians 4:4), so, too, will He return one day to bring the earth as we know it to its conclusion, in accordance with God’s plan. As Christians, we should be looking forward with watchful readiness to that glorious day (see Matthew 25:13).


Lord

And it came to pass, that, as they went in the way, a certain man said unto him, Lord, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest.
Luke 9:57
 
Lord is one of the most popular names of God the Son in the New Testament, appearing hundreds of times.  These two verses show that this name, from the Greek word kurios, is used in two distinct ways in the New Testament.
 
In the first verse, from Luke’s Gospel, the “Lord” used of Jesus is a term of respect, similar to our use of mister or sir in modern society.  This “certain man” respected Jesus, but he apparently had no intention of committing his life to Him as his spiritual Lord and Master.  He did not reply when Jesus told him about the sacrifice He required of His followers (see Luke 9:58).
 
Even Jesus’ disciples sometimes called Him Lord in this polite, respectful sense. For example, Jesus once told a parable about the need for people to wait and watch expectantly for His return. Peter approached Him and asked, “Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all?” (Luke 12:41).
 
As Jesus’ earthly ministry unfolded, the polite title of Lord that people used of Him was transformed into a declaration of faith in Him as the divine Son of God the Father. This is the sense in which the apostle Paul calls Jesus “Lord” in 1 Corinthians 15:58.
 
After His resurrection and ascension, Jesus became the Lord of history, the Lord of the church, and the Lord of individual Christians. When we declare that “Jesus is Lord,” we submit to His lordship and crown Him as the supreme ruler over our lives. 


Living Stone

To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious.  1 Peter 2:4
 
In this verse, the apostle Peter compares Jesus to a stone used in the construction of a building. The imagery of a stone is also applied to Jesus in other New Testament passage. But Peter refers to Jesus here as a Living Stone, emphasizing His resurrection from the dead and His close relationship with believers as the living Christ.
 
In the next verse, Peter describes Christians as “lively stone” (1 Peter 2:5). Just as Jesus is the living and breathing Head of the Church, so believers make up the body of the church. Thus, the church is a living organism devoted to the service of Jesus and His kingdom in the time between His ascension to God the Father and His second coming.
 
Peter summarizes the mission of the church by stating that Christians are “a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light” (1 Peter 2:9).
 
Maybe you never thought about it before, but if you belong to Jesus, you have the spirit of the Living Stone in your life.  We bring honor to Him when we serve as “lively stones” in the world.  


Lion Of The Tribe Of Judah

And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.  Revelation 5:5
 
This name of Jesus appears in one of the visions of the apostle John in the book of Revelation.  Only Jesus as the Lion of the Tribe of Judah is worthy to open the scroll that contains God’s judgement against the world in the end time.  God the Father has delegated to His Son the authority and power to serve as supreme Judge over all things.
 
The lion, known as the “king of beasts,” is legendary for its strength and ferocious nature.  Lions do not roam the land of Israel today, but they were common in Bible times.  For example, David killed a lion that was threatening his father’s sheep (see 1 Samuel 17:37).  The judge Samson, one of the superheroes of the Bible, killed a young lion with his bare hands (see Judges 14:5-6).  God the Father also compared His forth-coming judgement against His rebellious people-the nation of Israel (spoke of symbolically as Ephraim) and the nation of Judah-to the fierceness of a lion (see Hosea 5:14).
 
Jesus as the Lion of the Tribe of Judah probably has its origin in the prophecy of Jacob in the book of Genesis.  He declared that his son Judah was destined to become the greatest among all his twelve sons, whose descendants would become the Israelites, God’s chosen people.  Jacob described Judah, symbolically, as a lion, or a fearless ruler, who would lead God’s people (see Genesis 49:8-12).
 
This prophecy was fulfilled dramatically throughout the Bible.  The tribe of Judah, composed of Judah’s descendants, took the lead on the Israelites’ trek through the wilderness after they left Egypt (see Numbers 10:14).  Moses’ census of the people in the wilderness revealed that the tribe of Judah was the largest of the twelve tribes (see Numbers 1:27; 26:22).  King David, the popular ruler of Israel, against whom all future kings were measured, was a Judahite, a native of Bethlehem in the territory of Judah (see 1 Samuel 16:1).
 
Most significantly of all, Jesus the Messiah sprang from the line of Judah.  The genealogy of Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew traces His lineage back to Judah.  Thus, Jesus is the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, who rules among His people as supreme Savior and Lord. 


Light Of The World

Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.  John 8:12
 
Jesus referred to Himself by this name in a conversation with the Pharisees, His constant critics.  They thought He was nothing but a religious quack and a troublemaker.  But Jesus claimed to be the Son of God, who had been sent on a redemptive mission as the Light of the World.  He also used this name for Himself after restoring the sight of a blind man (see John 9:5).
 
The Jewish people of Jesus’ time-especially religious leaders such as the Pharisees-were filled with religious and national pride.  They realized that God had blessed them as His special people.  They thought of His favor as something they deserved because of their moral superiority to the people of other nations.  But they forgot that God had blessed them because He wanted them to serve as His witnesses to the rest of the world.  Centuries before, God had told their ancestor Abraham, “I will make of thee a great nation…in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed” (Genesis 12:2-3).
 
Jesus was born into the world as a Jew, but His commitment as Savior was to the entire world.  This is one reason why He was rejected by the Jewish religious leaders of His time.  How could God the Father possibly love the pagan peoples of the world as much as He loved them?  They wanted to put limits on God’s love and concern.
 
This problem is still with us today.  Some people want to make Jesus into the Light of the middle class, or the Light of Western society, or the Light of the beautiful.  But He refused to be bound by such restrictions.  He is also the Light of the poor, the Light of the Third World , and the Light of the homely.  No matter what your earthly circumstances, Jesus is your light.
 
Another name of Jesus that expresses the same truth as Light of the World is Light of the Gentiles.  To the Jews, “Gentiles” was a catch-all term for all non-Jewish peoples.  In a famous messianic passage, the prophet Isaiah declared that Jesus would come into the world as a Light of the Gentiles (see Isaiah 42:6).


Light

There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.  The same came for a witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.  John 1:6-7
 
These verses from the prologue of John’s Gospel contain one of the more meaningful names of God the Son in the entire New Testament.  Jesus was the Light whom God sent into a world that was stumbling around in the darkness of sin.
 
This name of Jesus is also used for God the Father because God is the Creator of light.  The earth was shrouded in darkness until He declared, “Let there be light” (Genesis 1:3), and light appeared to illuminate the earth.
 
Light is something we take for granted until it disappears.  Most of us know what it’s like to grope around in a dark house after the electricity goes out unexpectedly.  We are virtually helpless until we locate that flashlight we had placed in a closet for just such an emergency.
 
As the Light, Jesus pushes back the darkness and helps us find our way in a chaotic world.  He reveals God in all His righteousness, and He bridges the gap that separates sinful humankind from a holy God.  He gives us insights from God’s written Word, the Bible, that enable us to make wise decisions and live in accordance with His will.
 
Just as Jesus is the Light of our lives, He expects us as Christians to reflect His light to others.  In His Sermon on the Mount, He called us “the light of the world” (Matthew 5:14).  Then He challenged us to “let your light do shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven” (Matthew 5:16).
 
The apostle John also refers to Jesus as the True Light (John 1:9).


Life

When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory.  Colossians 3:4
 
We are accustomed to thinking of Jesus in terms of the eternal life that He promises to believers.  But in this verse from the apostle Paul’s letter to the Colossians, he describes Jesus as the Life of believers in the here-and-now.  We don’t have to wait until we die to enjoy life with Jesus.  He is our Life today-in this present world. 
 
With Jesus as our Life, we can live each day with joy, in spite of the problems and frustrations that come our way.  He is the very essence of the truly good life, and He promises the same to those who follow Him:  “I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly” (John 10:10).
 
Other names of God the Son that emphasize the meaningful life He offers Christians are Prince of Life (Acts 3:15) and Word of Life (1 John 1:1).


Leader And Commander To The People

The fifty-fifth chapter of Isaiah is one of many messianic passages in his book.  In this verse, the coming Messiah is portrayed as One who will serve as a Leader and Commander for the people to whom He is sent by the Lord.
 
A leader is a person who guides others in the pursuit of a goal.  He enlists others to work toward the goal, motivates and inspires them, encourages them through personal examples, and keeps them focused on their objective.  The name commander conjures up a military image.  He is more directive in his approach to leadership.  He knows what has to be done to win a battle, and he marshals his troops to engage the enemy in such a way that victory is assured.
 
As Christians, we have both a Leader and a Commander in Jesus Christ.  His objective is to bring others into His kingdom.  Our task is to follow His leadership as we bear witness for Him in the world.  As our Commander, He has the right to demand our unquestioning obedience. 


Last Adam

And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.  1 Corinthians 15:45
 
This is the only place in the Bible where Jesus is called by this name.  The apostle Paul in this verse draws a contrast between Jesus as the Last Adam and the Adam of the book of Genesis, who was the first man created.  This contrast appears at several points throughout the fifteenth chapter of 1 Corinthians.
 
After God created Adam and placed him in the Garden of Eden, He told him he could eat the fruit from every tree in the garden except one-“the tree of the knowledge of good and evil” (Genesis 2:17).  But Adam deliberately disobeyed God and ate the forbidden fruit (see Genesis 3:6).  This act of rebellion placed Adam and all his descendants-including everyone born since Adam’s time-under the curse of sin and death.  
 
But according to Paul, God had good news for those who were tainted by Adam’s sin.  He sent another Adam-the Last Adam, Jesus Christ-to undo what the first Adam had caused.  Paul expresses it like this: “As in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive” (1 Corinthians 15:22).  The first Adam’s legacy of death has been nullified by the Last Adam’s perfect obedience to God the Father, and His sacrificial death on our behalf.
 
As Paul continues in this passage from 1 Corinthians, he refers to Jesus as the Second Man.  Adam (the first man) was a created being, formed from the dust of the earth (see Genesis 2:7), and thus, “of the earth, earthy” (1 Corinthians 15:47); but Jesus, as the Second Man, came from heaven.