Light

There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.  The same came for a witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.  John 1:6-7
 
These verses from the prologue of John’s Gospel contain one of the more meaningful names of God the Son in the entire New Testament.  Jesus was the Light whom God sent into a world that was stumbling around in the darkness of sin.
 
This name of Jesus is also used for God the Father because God is the Creator of light.  The earth was shrouded in darkness until He declared, “Let there be light” (Genesis 1:3), and light appeared to illuminate the earth.
 
Light is something we take for granted until it disappears.  Most of us know what it’s like to grope around in a dark house after the electricity goes out unexpectedly.  We are virtually helpless until we locate that flashlight we had placed in a closet for just such an emergency.
 
As the Light, Jesus pushes back the darkness and helps us find our way in a chaotic world.  He reveals God in all His righteousness, and He bridges the gap that separates sinful humankind from a holy God.  He gives us insights from God’s written Word, the Bible, that enable us to make wise decisions and live in accordance with His will.
 
Just as Jesus is the Light of our lives, He expects us as Christians to reflect His light to others.  In His Sermon on the Mount, He called us “the light of the world” (Matthew 5:14).  Then He challenged us to “let your light do shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven” (Matthew 5:16).
 
The apostle John also refers to Jesus as the True Light (John 1:9).


Life

When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory.  Colossians 3:4
 
We are accustomed to thinking of Jesus in terms of the eternal life that He promises to believers.  But in this verse from the apostle Paul’s letter to the Colossians, he describes Jesus as the Life of believers in the here-and-now.  We don’t have to wait until we die to enjoy life with Jesus.  He is our Life today-in this present world. 
 
With Jesus as our Life, we can live each day with joy, in spite of the problems and frustrations that come our way.  He is the very essence of the truly good life, and He promises the same to those who follow Him:  “I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly” (John 10:10).
 
Other names of God the Son that emphasize the meaningful life He offers Christians are Prince of Life (Acts 3:15) and Word of Life (1 John 1:1).


Leader And Commander To The People

The fifty-fifth chapter of Isaiah is one of many messianic passages in his book.  In this verse, the coming Messiah is portrayed as One who will serve as a Leader and Commander for the people to whom He is sent by the Lord.
 
A leader is a person who guides others in the pursuit of a goal.  He enlists others to work toward the goal, motivates and inspires them, encourages them through personal examples, and keeps them focused on their objective.  The name commander conjures up a military image.  He is more directive in his approach to leadership.  He knows what has to be done to win a battle, and he marshals his troops to engage the enemy in such a way that victory is assured.
 
As Christians, we have both a Leader and a Commander in Jesus Christ.  His objective is to bring others into His kingdom.  Our task is to follow His leadership as we bear witness for Him in the world.  As our Commander, He has the right to demand our unquestioning obedience. 


Last Adam

And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.  1 Corinthians 15:45
 
This is the only place in the Bible where Jesus is called by this name.  The apostle Paul in this verse draws a contrast between Jesus as the Last Adam and the Adam of the book of Genesis, who was the first man created.  This contrast appears at several points throughout the fifteenth chapter of 1 Corinthians.
 
After God created Adam and placed him in the Garden of Eden, He told him he could eat the fruit from every tree in the garden except one-“the tree of the knowledge of good and evil” (Genesis 2:17).  But Adam deliberately disobeyed God and ate the forbidden fruit (see Genesis 3:6).  This act of rebellion placed Adam and all his descendants-including everyone born since Adam’s time-under the curse of sin and death.  
 
But according to Paul, God had good news for those who were tainted by Adam’s sin.  He sent another Adam-the Last Adam, Jesus Christ-to undo what the first Adam had caused.  Paul expresses it like this: “As in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive” (1 Corinthians 15:22).  The first Adam’s legacy of death has been nullified by the Last Adam’s perfect obedience to God the Father, and His sacrificial death on our behalf.
 
As Paul continues in this passage from 1 Corinthians, he refers to Jesus as the Second Man.  Adam (the first man) was a created being, formed from the dust of the earth (see Genesis 2:7), and thus, “of the earth, earthy” (1 Corinthians 15:47); but Jesus, as the Second Man, came from heaven.


Lamb Slain From The Foundation Of The World

And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.  Revelation 13:8
 
The affirmation of this verse is that Jesus was not only the Lamb who was sacrificed for our sins, but He also was selected for this task before the world was created.
 
God the Father looked down through the centuries and determined that His Son, Jesus, would die at some time in the future as an atonement for sin.  Jesus’ death was no accident of history, and no afterthought in the mind of God.  It was the fulfillment of God’s eternal plan.
 
How long did it take for this plan to work itself out?  As long as it took.  This answer may seem nonsensical and ridiculous, but it’s as close as we can get to understanding God and His mysterious ways.  The apostle Peter expresses it like this: “One day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day” (2 Peter 3:8).


Lamb Of God

The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. John 1:29
 
On two successive days John the Baptist, forerunner of Jesus, referred to Jesus by this name.  Of all the names John could have used-King, Messiah, Prophet-he chose to identify Jesus as the Lamb of God.  Lambs were choice young sheep that were used as sacrificial animals in Jewish worship rituals (see Leviticus 14:11-13; 1 Samuel 7:9).  Thus, at the very beginning of Jesus’ ministry, John realized the sacrificial role that Jesus was destined to fill.
 
The prominence of lambs in the Jewish sacrificial system began with the deliverance of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery, many centuries before Jesus’ time.  The Lord commanded the people to smear the blood of lambs on the doorposts of their houses.  This indicated that they would be passed over when God struck the land with the death of the firstborn (see Exodus 12:21-23).  The Jewish festival known as Passover was commemorated from that day on with the eating of the unleavened bread and the sacrifice of lambs.
 
One of the great messianic passages of the Old Testament predicted that Jesus would die like a sacrificial lamb.  About seven hundred years before Jesus was born, the prophet Isaiah declared of Him, “He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth” (Isaiah 53:7).
 
On the night before His crucifixion, Jesus picked up on the sacrificial lamb imagery that John the Baptist had used of Him when He began His public ministry.  He gathered with His disciples to eat a meal that was part of the observance of the Jewish Passover.  But He turned it into a meal that we know as the Memorial Supper or the Lord’s Supper.
 
Just as the blood of the Passover lamb had been an agent of deliverance for the Israelites in Egypt, so the shed blood of Jesus would provide divine redemption for the entire world.  As Jesus passed the cup among His disciples, He told them, “This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins” (Matthew 26:28).


Lamb

And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders…saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.  Revelations 5:11-12
 
In this verse from the book of Revelation, the apostle John describes Jesus as the sacrificial Lamb who laid down His life as redemption for the sins of the world.  Notice the things that John declares Jesus the Lamb is worthy to receive.
*Power.  The Lamb exercises ultimate power over the universe as well as the lives of Christians.
*Riches.  All the material possessions we have accumulated belong to Him.
*Wisdom.  Jesus is the all-wise One who grants wisdom to those who follow Him.
*Strength.  Our physical powers should be dedicated to the service of the Lamb.
*Honor.  Our behavior as Christians should bring honor to the One whom we profess to follow.
*Glory.  Jesus’ glory, His excellence and moral superiority, is magnified when Christians are fully devoted to Him and His cause.
*Blessings.  In this context, blessing means “praise.”  We should praise the Lamb with our lives as well as our words.
 
Jesus as the Lamb is one of the major themes of the book of Revelation.  As the Lamb, He is worthy to open the scroll that describes God’s judgement against the world (see Revelation 5:4,6:1).  The Lamb provides the light for the heavenly city, or New Jerusalem (see Revelation 21:22-23).  Those who belong to Jesus have their names written in the Lamb’s book of life (see Revelation 21:27).
 


King Of The Jews

And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews?  And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.  Matthew 27:11
 
This question asked by Pontius Pilate, the Roman official who condemned Jesus to death, appears in all four Gospels (See Mark 15:2; Luke 23:3; John 18:33).  The Gospel writers considered this name important, because it was the basis of the charge that led to Jesus’ execution. 
 
The Jewish religious leaders who turned Jesus over to Pilate were enraged by what they considered His blasphemy, or His claim to be the divine Son of God (see Matthew 26:63-66).  But they knew that the Romans would never condemn Jesus to death on the basis of their religious laws alone (see John 18:29-32).  So they claimed that Jesus was guilty of sedition against the Roman government by claiming to be a king (see Luke 23:2).  The implication of this charge is that Jesus was plotting to overthrow Roman rule.
 
This charge against Jesus was guaranteed to get action from Pilate.  One thing his superiors in Rome would not tolerate was unrest or rebellion in the territory over which he ruled.
 
Jesus never claimed to be a political king.  So why didn’t He deny that He was the King of the Jews when Pilate asked Him if the charge against Him was true?  He refused to answer this question to Pilate’s satisfaction because He knew the time for His sacrificial death had arrived.  He would allow events to run their course without any intervention on His part, because it was His destiny to die on the cross.  He would be sacrificed willingly as the King of the Jews in order to provide salvation for the entire world.
 
Another name of Jesus that is similar to King of the Jews is King of Israel (John 1:49; 12:13).


King Of Saints

And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.  Revelation 15:3
 
Most people think of saints as people who have been beatified and honored by a church body because of their dedicated service to God.  But saints when it appears in the New Testament is a term for Christians.  Any person who has accepted Jesus as Savior and who follows Him as Lord of his life is a saint.  Christians as saints make up the church, the body of Christ.  
 
thus, Jesus’ name as King of Saints is similar to his title as Head of the Church.  He watches over His saints and energizes them through His Holy Spirit for the task of carrying out His work in the world.
 
In this verse from Revelation, the saints of God sing two songs-the song of Moses and the song of the Lamb.  These songs celebrate redemption and deliverance.  Just as Moses’ song celebrates Israel’s deliverance from Egyptian slavery (see Exodus 15:1-19), so the song of the Lamb rejoices in our deliverance from Satan and the bondage of sin and death.


King Of Kings

And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords.  Revelation 19:16
 
The nineteenth chapter of Revelation describes the return of Jesus Christ to earth in the end time, when He will triumph over all His enemies.  According to verse 16, He will wear a banner across His royal robe.  It will be emblazoned with the phrase “King of Kings.”  This name, emphasizing His supreme rule over all the earth, will be prominently displayed for everyone to see.
 
In Old Testament times, the title “king of kings” was assigned to a ruler with an empire that covered a wide territory.  Often, a king of an empire would allow the rulers of conquered nations or tribes to keep their royal titles for political and economic reasons.  But it was clear that the “king of kings” was the undisputed ruler of his vast domain. Thus, the Persian ruler Artaxerxes referred to himself as “king of kings” in a letter that he sent to Jerusalem with Ezra the priest (Ezra 7:12).
 
When Jesus returns in glory, He will be the sole ruler of the universe.  Meanwhile, He rules over His kingdom, known as the church.  If we belong to Him, we are subjects of His kingdom.  He should already be King of Kings in our lives.  
 
In a passage that looked forward to the birth of the Messiah, the prophet Zechariah called Jesus the King over All the Earth (Zechariah 14:9).