Spirit Of Faith

We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak.  2 Corinthians 4:13
 
This is the only place in the New Testament where the Holy Spirit is called the Spirit of Faith. Is is no accident that it appears in the writings of the apostle Paul, who has more to say about faith than any other New Testament writer. 
 
To understand this verse from 2 Corinthians, we need to consider Paul’s famous statement in the book of Ephesians about the centrality of faith: “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: not of works, lest any man should boast” (Ephesians 2:8-9).
 
Notice that Paul does not say that we are saved by faith, but through faith. It is Christ’s sacrifice on the cross that saves us; we claim this sacrifice for ourselves by placing our faith in Him as our Savior and Lord. Faith is our human response to His sacrifice, which we must exercise before we can experience forgiveness for our sins and find new life in Jesus Christ.  
 
If humans faith is an essential element of the salvation process, how do we have such faith? Paul’s answers is that saving faith is a work of the Holy Spirit-the Spirit of Faith. He alone can convict us of sin and lead us to declare our faith in Jesus Christ as our Savior. Without the movement of the Holy Spirit to kindle faith in our hearts and minds, we would remain hopelessly lost in our sin. 


Spirit Of Counsel And Might

And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord.  Isaiah 11:2
 
The prophet Isaiah in this passage looks more than six hundred years into the future and predicts the coming of the Messiah. This great leader among God’s people would be filled with God’s Spirit, to whom the prophet refers as the Spirit of Counsel and Might.
 
All of us have known people who love to give us their advice and counsel-at no charge! And we know others who are people of action. But how many people do you know who can tell you what to do and then fill you with the strength to accomplish their advice? People like this are a rarity, but Isaiah declares that work like this is just a routine “day at the office” for the Holy Spirit.
 
The Holy Spirit knows what we should do to bring our lives into line with God’s will. He warns us about the dangers of temptation. But He also gives us the strength to resist temptation. When we do stumble and fall, He assures us of our restored relationship with God, when we confess our sins before God the Father and Jesus the Son.
 
Counsel and might. This unusual combination of skills is just one more proof of God’s love for His people.


Spirit Of Christ

But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.  Romans 8:9
 
This is one of those verses in the King James Version that is made even more impressive by a modern translation. The New International Version renders it like this: “You, however, are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ.”
 
The first dramatic truth emphasized by this verse is that the Holy Spirit is both the Spirit of God and the Spirit of Christ. This is a bold affirmation that Jesus was one with the Father, yet distinct from Him at the same time. Our minds have a hard time taking in this concept, but this is the clear teaching of the Bible.
 
The apostle Paul also declares in this verse that the Holy Spirit is a gift of God’s grace that transforms us when we accept Jesus as Savior and Lord. Paul even goes so far as to say that the presence of the Holy Spirit in our lives is proof of our salvation, showing that we “belong to Christ.”
 
This name for the Holy Spirit-Spirit of Christ-also shows that He was closely connected with Jesus’ earthly ministry and that He continues to empower the church to continue Jesus’ work in our time. The Holy Spirit enabled the prophets to foresee the coming of Jesus into the world (see 1 Peter 1:10-11). The Spirit unites the church, Jesus’ body, to Him as the head of the church (see 1 Corinthians 12:12-13). The Holy Spirit causes us as Christians to grow more and more like the Lord whom we serve (see 2 Corinthians 3:18).
 
Two similar names that Paul uses for the Holy Spirit are Spirit of God’s Son (Galatians 4:6) and Spirit of Jesus Christ (Philippians 1:19).


Spirit of Adoption

For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.  Romains 8:15
 
In this verse, the apostle Paul compares our situation before we become believers to the new status we enjoy after our conversion. The old life is comparable to that of a slave in bondage, with no rights or privileges. But after coming to new life in Christ, we have all the advantages of sonship as children of God the Father.
 
Paul uses the concept of adoption to emphasize our new status with God. We were once children of sin, but God delivered us from our bondage and adopted us as His own. So close is our relationship to God as our adoptive Father that we can call Him “Abba,” an Aramaic word equivalent to our modern “Daddy” or “Papa.”
 
The Holy Spirit has a vital role in this adoption process. His presence in our lives assures us that we belong to God. The Spirit will never let us forget that we enjoy a position of dignity and honor with Him in the family of God the Father and Jesus the Son.


Seven Spirits

John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne; and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness.  Revelation 1:4-5
 
This reference to the Holy Spirit as Seven Spirits is puzzling to many Bible students. We know from the apostle Paul’s writings that the Holy Spirit is one. He declared to the believers at Corinth, “By one Spirit are we all baptized into one body” (1 Corinthians 12:13). So how could the apostle John in these verses from Revelation claim that the Holy Spirit is seven in number?
 
The best explanation is that John used the number seven to emphasize the fullness and completeness of the Holy Spirit. Seven was considered the perfect number in Bible times, and it appears often throughout the Bible to symbolize wholeness and perfection. John uses the number in this sense many times throughout Revelation: seven candlesticks (1:12), seven stars (1:16), seven seals (5:1), seven horns (5:6), and seven eyes (5:6).


Power Of The Highest

And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.  Luke 1:35
 
These words of assurance were spoken to Mary, the mother of Jesus, by the angel Gabriel. Although Mary was a virgin, she would give birth to the Son of God. His conception would occur through the action of the Holy Spirit, whom Gabriel described as the Power of the Highest. 
 
No other word describes the work of God’s Spirit as well as power. Throughout the Bible, this is the dominant feature of His miraculous work. 
 
For example, Saul, as the first king of Israel, learned firsthand about the overwhelming power of the Holy Spirit. Insanely jealous of David, he sent several assassins to kill him. But the Spirit of God came upon them, causing them to utter prophecies instead of carrying out the king’s orders.
 
Finally, Saul himself went to murder David, but the same thing happened to him. he fell into a prophetic trance, and the people asked, “Is Saul also among the prophet?” King Saul was the most powerful man in Israel, but he was no match for the Holy Spirit and His power. God’s Spirit protected David, who had been selected by the Lord to succeed Saul as king.
 
In the New Testament, when Jesus prepared to ascend to His Father, He told His disciples, “Ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.” 
 
As Jesus promised, the Holy Spirit empowered His disciples and other early Christians to carry out the Great Commission. The initial outpouring of the Holy Spirit occurred on the Day of Pentecost, transforming the followers of Jesus into bold witnesses for Him. Their zeal in preaching the gospel is described throughout the book of Acts. From the Jews to the Samaritans to the Gentiles, the good news about Jesus spread like a roaring forest fire until it reached the very center of the Roman Empire, the capital city of Rome.
 
But the Holy Spirit has not restricted His work to that long-ago time. He is still at work in our day and age through those who follow Jesus as Lord and Savior. God the Father will do His work through us as Christians: “Not by might, not by power, but by my spirit, saith the Lord of hosts.”


New Spirit

A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you; and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.  Ezekiel 36:26
 
Just as Jeremiah is known as the prophet of the new covenant, so, too, Ezekiel might be called the prophet of the New Spirit. This name of the Holy Spirit is unique to him, and he uses it three times in his book.
 
The word new does not mean that God would give His people the Holy Spirit for the first time as some time in the future. The Holy Spirit was active with God the Father in the Creation and among selected people in Old Testament times. New Spirit refers to the spiritual redemption that God would provide for His people through His love and grace. God’s Spirit would bind believers to Him in a new covenant sealed with the blood of Jesus Christ. 


Holy Spirit Of God

Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good…that it may minister grace unto the hearers. And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.  Ephesians 4:29-30
 
There words from the apostle Paul to the believers at Ephesus emphasize several important truths about the Holy Spirit. 
 
It is clear from this verse that the Holy Spirit can be grieved or pained by the sinful actions of Christians. This shows that the Holy Spirit is not a vague, ethereal force, but a person. Only a person can experience emotions such as grief and sorrow. Thus, we should speak of the Spirit not as “it” but as “He”. He is as much a person as God the Father and Jesus the Son.
 
This verse also emphasizes the sealing work of the Holy Spirit. A seal symbolizes ownership and security. The seal of the Holy Spirit upon us as Christians marks us as God’s property until the day of our total and final redemption in the end time.
 
If some actions by Christians grieve the Holy Spirit, it follows that certain acts and attitudes bring Him joy and pleasure. These include the fruit of the Spirit in the apostle Paul’s famous list in Galatians 5:22-23. Paul contrasts these positive attributes with works of the flesh that he lists in Galatians 5:19-21. The fruit that we bear as Christians should issue from the influence of the divine Spirit in our lives rather than from our fleshly human nature.


Holy One

But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things.  1 John 2:20
 
The name Holy One is applied to God the Father and Jesus the Son. In this verse, the apostle John also refers to the Holy Spirit by this name. 
 
John makes it clear in this verse that the specific role of the Holy Spirit as the Holy One is to safeguard Christians from erroneous thinking about the nature of Jesus. Some false teachers in John’s time were attesting that Jesus was the divine Son of God, but denying that He had come to earth in human form. To them, He only seemed to be human. In his second epistle, the apostle John also declares that Jesus was both fully human and fully divine. 
 
The word unction in this verse from 1 John means “anointing.” Thus, John declares that the Holy One anoints or fills believers with the truth about Jesus. We know “all things”-or the only thing we really need to know-about Jesus and His nature as the God-man who came into the world as the Mediator between God and man. 


Holy Ghost

Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.  Acts 20:28
 
This farewell speech of the apostle Paul to the elders of the church at Ephesus is one of many places in the King James Version of the Bible where the Holy Spirit is referred to as the Holy Ghost. 
 
When the KJV was first published in England in 1611, ghost was a word that meant the spirit, or immaterial part of a person, in contrast to the physical or visible body. In modern times, the word ghost refers to the shadowy, supernatural appearance of a dead person. All modern translations render the KJV’s “Holy Ghost” as “Holy Spirit.”